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305 Palace of Chapultepec
 

Foundations of America

QU201 Prof. Scott Leone

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Home Ragtime Articles of Interest 305 Palace of Chapultepec

305 Palace of Chapultepec

File:Castillo de chapultepcec.jpeg

The Chapultepec Palace is located at the top of Chapultepec Hill. The name Chapultepec means “the grasshopper hill” and the building was built in 1780 by the Viceroy Matias Galvez and became a Military School. During the American Invasion in 1847 the palace became a fort and was one of the last ones standing. In 1864, Maximilian I of Mexico made the palace his home and until 1940 it became the home to all of the Mexican presidents. Maximilian I of Mexico was originally from Austria and was a very distinguished Rear-Admiral in the Austrian Navy. He was approached by the Emperor of Mexico to rule Mexico and after saying no at first, with the support of Napoleon III of France he decided to take the position. Mexico was recovering from the Reform War in which conflicts between conservatives and liberals were still a problem. Maximilian tried to rise up against the Republicans but in 1867 the city fell and he was captured and executed.

Benito Juarez who refused to commute the sentence of Maximilian was re-elected President and died of a heart attack in 1872. After Benito Juarez’s death, Porfirio Diaz became the new president in 1876 and ruled until 1910. Diaz changed land reform in which peasant farmers could not claim land without a formal title. Leaders such as Francisco Madero rebelled against Diaz and became the president from 1911-1913. Madero was assassinated after his appointed commander-in-chief Victoriano Huerta over threw him and became president from 1913-1914. Pancho Villa was Huerta’s chief military commander but in 1912 they became rivals and Huerta ordered Villa to be executed. Villa escaped from jail and fled to the U.S. Villa came back to Mexico with and army of Mexicans and Americans to rise up against Huerta’s dictatorship. The Mexican Revolution began and lasted until 1920.

In Ragtime, Younger Brother was one of the Americans who fled to Mexico to fight alongside Pancho Villa in the war against Huerta. Younger Brother wanted to use his skills with explosives and the Mexican Revolution seemed like the perfect cause to do so. When Younger Brother rode into Mexico City with Villa the first place he saw was the Palace of Chapultepec. It captivated their eyes and was seen as a symbol of power. The Palace of Chapultepec was still used as the residence of all of the emperors during that time but in 1940 Lazaro Cardenas donated it to Mexico and it became the National History Museum

 

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Other Citations: http://www.reservas.net/alojamiento_hoteles/mexicocity_sightseenstours.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Castillo_de_chapultepcec.jpeg

Last Updated on Friday, 16 September 2011 13:16  

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