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317 lightweight machine gun (original)
 

Foundations of America

QU201 Prof. Scott Leone

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Home Ragtime Articles of Interest 317 lightweight machine gun (original)

317 lightweight machine gun (original)

“Younger Brother invented seventeen ordnance devices, some of which were so advanced that they were not used by the United States until World War II. They included a recoilless rocket grenade launcher, a low pressure land mine, sonar–directed depth charges, infrared illuminated rifle sights, tracer bullets, a repeater rifle, a light weight machine gun, a shrapnel grenade, puttied nitroglycerine and a portable flame thrower”

            The section of the story that discusses the light weight machine gun is near the end when Doctorow describes Young Brother and the inventions of his ordnance devices. One of the seventeen that he completes, one is known as the lightweight machine gun. These creations were so advanced that the US military wouldn’t use them until WWII.

            The first “true” American machine gun was the Hotchkiss Model 1909 Benet-Mercie. This machine gun was designed by Lawerence Benet and Henri Mercie in 1901. Nicknamed the “daylight gun”, the M1909 was of lightweight design which gave troops mobility during WWI while still maintaining the high rate of fire of past heavy machine guns

            The classification of a lightweight machine gun is a machine gun designed to be employed by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant, as an infantry support weapon. Earlier models of the machine gun were bulky and only allowed for fixed positioning fighting with teams of two men per gun. With the creation of the light weight machine gun the rules of the battlefield changed. The M1909 was produced by the U.S. and was first used as a military issued weapon during the 1916 expedition to Mexico. Soon after, newer and more effective light machine guns were manufactured and used throughout the world leading up to and including WWII.

http://inventors.about.com/od/militaryhistoryinventions/a/firearms.htm

http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/machineguns.htm

Last Updated on Tuesday, 20 September 2011 15:55  

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